The jungle also played a key role in bringing about the pure food and drug act 1906. This the meatpacking industry in chicago during the progressive era lesson plan is suitable for 9th 12th grade. Working conditions in the new urban industrial zones were wretched, and a progressive reform movement soon grew out of the need to address the health and welfare of the american worker. If easterners lost their taste for salt pork in favor of fresh meat, the industry would be in trouble. As chicagos meatpacking industry grew to the largest in the world in the second half of the nineteenth century, the stockyards served as a source of civic pride. This greater part of the entire meat industry is primarily focused on producing meat for human consumption, but it also yields a variety of byproducts including hides, feathers, dried blood, and. Thus, chicago s big three packersphilip armour, gustavus swift, and nelson morriswere in a position to influence livestock prices at one end of this complex industrial chain and the price of meat products at the other end. Most immigrants came to the united states with little or no money at all, in hope of making a better life for themselves. Federal figures show illnesses and injuries in the meat and poultry industry fell by half from 1992 to 2001 from 29. Rights and responsibilities in the meatpacking industry in the early twentieth century, at the height of the progressive movement, muckrakers. His primary purpose in describing the meat industry and its working conditions was to advance socialism in the united states. People were being boiled in vats and sent to larders.
Louis denver sioux city omaha kansas city were built oklahoma city. Chicago built the famous union stockyards in 1865 on 345 swampy acres to the south of downtown. Parts of the butchered animals that business owners could not sell, they simply dumped into the ohio river, hoping the current would wash the waste away. Conditions in meatpacking plants 1906, by upton sinclairthe explosive growth of american industry in the late nineteenth century caused a similar expansion in the work force. Chicagos important meatpacking industry experienced three successive waves of unionization. Most immigrants came to the united states with little or no money at all, in hope of making a. Safety and health topics meat packing industry hazards. Utterly disturbing, centuryold photos of meatpacking. Making profits initially relied upon two major things cheap labor, and the absence of any type of regulation.
From this source, i gathered further information about the gross, nonhumane ways of. The meatpacking industry during the early 1900s was unsanitary, unregulated and incredibly dangerous work. Cattle are first led into a narrow alley and stunned by a blow on the head, in a packing plant in austin, minnesota, 1941. Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the united states in chicago and similar industrialized cities. Conditions in us meatpacking plants today arent much better. Illinois role in meatpacking demonstrates the importance of agroindustrial. In 1906, upton sinclair came out with his book the jungle, and it shocked the nation by documenting the horror of the meatpacking industry. At this time theres no evidence that abe froman, the sausage king of chicago, ever worked at the fabbri sausage factory just north of restaurant row. President theodore roosevelt signed two historic bills aimed at. Read this american history essay and over 89,000 other research documents. By 1904, most of chicagos packinghouse workers were recent immigrants from poland, slovakia, and lithuania.
The meat packing industry started in the early 1900s. One of the largest is the moscow meatpacking combine, which produces up to 1, 000 tons of meat, 380 tons of sausage products, and 120 tons of various semifinished products and foodstuffs per day. Strike in a packing house homicide in chicago 1870. After the civil war, the vast western rangelands became a new major center for beef cattle because of the advancing railroads. His primary purpose in describing the meat industry and its working. The jungle, a 1906 novel by upton sinclair, is full of graphic descriptions of the poor conditions workers and cattle endured in the chicago meatpacking industry. Upton sinclair and the chicago meat packing industry in 1900, there were over 1. Given sinclairs socialist leanings, roosevelt was suspicious of the veracity of. Essay on upton sinclair and the chicago meatpacking industry. Armour opened the chicago plant, as did nelson morris.
He and his family live near the stockyards and meatpacking district where. Amity specializes in custom processing at our usda inspected processing facility. The virus is so widespread in the meat processing industry that forty. Conditions in meatpacking plants 1906, by upton sinclair. Shocking chicago meatpacking pics shifted public policy futurity. The meatpacking industry in chicago is no different from all the other factories across america. In groups, they research the reasons why chicago became the natural hub for meatpacking processing in the united states. Industrial beef production, with all its troubling costs and undeniable. As a result, the federal meat inspection act passed congress, and consumers were saved from ghastly diseases. Increases employer and employee awareness of hazards within the meat packing industry and highlights the ways in which employers and employees can work together to eliminate workplace hazards. Search or browse our list of meat packing plants companies in illinois by category or location. Learners examine maps showing the hog and corn distribution of the united states. Upton sinclair and the chicago meatpacking industry in 1900, there were over 1. Packingtown soon after the publication of the jungle in 1906, upton sinclair lamented that in writing his novel about chicagos meat packing industry that he had aimed for.
The cattle butchers local unions number 5,500 of the 50,000 members, and of these about 2,000 are the most. Chicagos union stock yards, which inspired upton sinclairs 1906. A swift and company meatpacking house in chicago, circa 1906. Note part of an ad for armour, one of the big packers, on a building to the right.
The relatively warm temperatures in southern ohio caused meat to spoil quickly, resulting in a horrendous odor. Today it is one of the premier privately owned leaders in the meat industry, located on the southwest side of chicago. More than 20 machinebuilding plants produce equipment for the meatpacking industry. Leading the world pork and beef packing in chicago 1873. Upton sinclair, whose muckraking changed the meat industry. Apply to quality assurance analyst, butcher, production worker and more. In 1900 the chicago packinghouses employed 25,000 of the countrys 68,000 packinghouse employees. In 1906, upton sinclairs novel the jungle uncovered harrowing conditions inside americas meat packing plants and initiated a period of transformation in the nations meat industry. The battles between labor and management were sporadic, continuing, hard fought and often bitter, as vast numbers of workers from abroad and from the american south and rural areas flocked to chicago seeking work in the industry. While higher than for manufacturing overall, rates of illness and injury in meat and poultry processing fell to an estimated 5. Photojournalism revealed the adulterated products and other horrors of the chicago meatpacking industry, sparking both the novel the. The meat packing industry had become a sprawling economic business with the sharp increase in population in the united states. Men standing on wooden beams between the cattle yards in chicago, c.
Although chicago became the center of the nations meatpacking industry after the. This industry was the lowest of jobs that no one wanted but the immigrants were forced into taking it to provide for their families. Children as young as three were often employed and forced to work long hours sometimes 1215 hour days for very little pay. First meat packing plant started in cincinnati city was called porkopolis s wt ns aws were not yet used to break carcasses into wholesale cuts 1870s90s. The jungle, a 1906 novel by upton sinclair, is full of graphic descriptions of the poor conditions workers and cattle endured in the chicago meat packing industry. In analyzing the labor situation in the industry, we may begin with the leading group of workmen, the cattle butchers. Safety and health guide for the meatpacking industry. Osha injury reporting rule sheds light on meat packing accidents slaughterhouse and meat processing plant workers have some of the most dangerous jobs.
Sinclairs book was so moving and troubling that it inspired the establishment of the food and drug administration, a federal agency that is to this day responsible for regulating. Paul westward from chicago after the railroads chicago st. The meatpacking industry implored the government for the kind of legislation that would renew confidence in meat. There was money to be made both at home, as well as overseas. Dangers, tensions lurk in meatpacking industry nbc news.
Click to view photo details the stockyards and the meat packing industry played a prominent role in the history and economic development of chicago during this period. The big four meatpackers high country news know the west. When the civil war started in 1861, nine railroads. Apply to retail sales associate, butcher, stocker and more. The jungle is a 1906 novel by the american journalist and novelist upton sinclair 18781968. Manta has 31 companies under meat packing plants in chicago, illinois. Osha injury reporting rule sheds light on meat packing. The meat packing industry handles the slaughtering, processing, packaging, and distribution of meat from animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and other livestock. Moesle wholesale food products 4725 s talman avenue chicago, il 60632 773 8474900. History of the meat industry1 texas tech university. The meatpacking industry also resulted in tremendous amounts of pollution. From the civil war until the 1920s chicago was the countrys largest meatpacking center and the acknowledged headquarters of the industry.
The third effort gained momentum in 1937 and assumed institutional form as the united packinghouse workers of america upwa in 1943. The first two mass organizing campaigns ended in failure. Meat packing plants companies in chicago, illinois manta. Meat packing journal is the essential read for every producer that has eyes on exporting. Labor conditions in meat packing and the recent strike. In the 1870s, several large packing firms with headquarters at chicago came to dominate the u. Labor conditions in meat packing ers and sheep butchers, prevailed, but had been rejected in other departments. Started as a family owned business over 50 years ago. Published six times a year, meat packing journal gives data driven analysis and insight into the international meat and poultry industry, helping our readers spot opportunities in markets at home and abroad.
The cattle yards that seems to go on forever, and a view of the packing plants in the distance. In 1904, upton sinclair, a novelist traveled to chicago to gather information about the terrible things and abused that happened in the meat packing industry. Sad violin artist ji pyeong kwon album drama sonatina. In chicago 1900 the chicago meatpacking industry, along with other industries, began to expand and grow. This is a primary source because it was an actual article written in the time period, pertaining to the methodology of packing sausages and the kind of diseases this process caused. Gary younge on upton sinclairs 1906 novel the jungle. Enforcing simple things like hand washing and requiring the use of hairnets were unheard of. Top 10 best restaurants meat packing district in chicago.222 1504 324 1119 586 181 1013 1331 851 1164 422 896 42 230 957 820 1417 671 1000 477 451 1081 833 869 1133 205 796 1412 258 1027 430 1416 783 115 201 208 871